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There have been many blogs and articles written on power management utilizing dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS), a method by which a discrete voltage and frequency pair is chosen from a predetermined list based on an input requirement. For an example, read Don Dingee’s blog entitled “DVFS is Dead, Long Live Holistic DVFS.” Choosing this input requirement is where it all starts.

The most common input requirement is the required performance. Where do we find out the required performance? Well, the OS surely knows what tasks are running so it can estimate throughput. This throughput directly relates to the frequency and power state of one or more CPU cores. DVFS lets the OS reduce the frequency to match the desired throughput, while reducing voltage to the minimum level that supports safe operation at that frequency. But, how do we choose that voltage?

Selling in Asia Pacific (Asia) markets requires marketing and support in the local languages. Especially Mandarin, Japanese and Korean. Ideally we would like to have an office and team in all regions spoken all languages. However, given the investment and risk involved, we will begin with an examination of the main target market.
Japan, China, Korea and Taiwan requires local language support and presence. Asian customers requires more face-to-face meetings from a Western client, and they need to collect a lot of technical information to reach a price quote and more importantly, to build an interpersonal relationship.

Looking at the location of our first office in Asia - Hong Kong will be a favorite location. The country of Hong Kong, which is characterized by Mandarin and Cantonese speakers, is also characterized by an English-speaking population that is used to a more Western and stable culture than China and Taiwan.

Since the training of workers is a long process that we will harvest its fruits only later we must pay attention to the stability of workers in the workplace. Hong Kong's citizens are more loyal in their workplaces compared to China and Taiwan, and are closer to Western culture. For Hong-Kongnees it is clear that customers are outside of Hong Kong, which requires traveling.
Hong Kong is a free trade zone and corporate tax is lower than in Western countries and Israel. Hong Kong is well connected to all Asian countries and has a geographical location that allows the shortest flight to the farthest reaches of Asia Pacific. Hong Kong allows foot entry to China, proximity to Shenzhen (technology development and production area) and production areas around. You can get a business visa for five days at the border with Shenzhen.

The Hong Kong state allows working visa and citizenship relatively easily and within a short time. Opening a company in Hong Kong is the fastest and the process is cheap and simple. Hong Kong is linked to a very fast Internet network, as in the West, which allows connectivity with the company's offices in the West in fast VPN. This is not the case in China mainland. Unlike China mainland, all applications and websites work in Hong Kong and there is no filtering of sites.

Hong Kong has lack of local engineers. Although there are two good local universities that allow young engineers to be recruited, most engineers who finish their studies in Hong Kong find themselves working in China mainland. Local engineers prefer to stay and work in Hong Kong. I haven’t yet to meet Hong Kong resident who prefers to live in another city despite the overcrowding. Therefore, a place of work on the island is especially desirable for Hong-Kongnees and especially in high-tech.

Hong Kong government views high-tech companies as the future of Hong Kong. Hong Kong's government, as part of the science park in Shatin and other places in Hong Kong allows the opening of a low-cost technology office using existing infrastructure in the science park such as laboratories and expensive semiconductor equipment. Hong Kong has a setup development organization in the field of
hardware, software and semiconductor, therefore it can be used temporarily or as subcontractor. Large high-tech companies have established their office in this way in the Shatin science.
Small companies that are forced to manage one office in Asia have been advised to recruit Japanese and Korean speakers, even for relocation candidates from their original countries to Hong Kong.
In this way, we will have an office in a free trade area, enjoying good transport and geographical location, east finance system, low taxation and stability on personnel level, with proximity to China mainland and support for the local language. And above all else, the ease of relocation of Israeli workers. Hong Kong has an Israeli community and an Israeli consul office with local economic attaché.

Developing HW is a long and costly process, designing the board, layout, or the creation of a new ASIC. All these require months, or even years, of engineering and production setup. Mistakes are of course costly, often requiring a do-over of the whole process and causing significant delays in projects. So, what is the right solution to this expensive problem?
Everyone knows that testing is needed and that coverage is of the utmost importance. Most projects in the market will have a dedicated budget for testing, and a sizeable one. For those developing hardware devices, there are several options when getting ready to test a new product.

An industry survey some three years ago indicated only about one-quarter of all chip designers were using dynamic voltage and frequency scaling (DVFS). It’s likely most of those people who said they were implementing DVFS are deeply dependent upon a mobile operating system. For instance, Android offers a range of CPU governor software modules to optimize frequency and voltage levels for application throughput. While DVFS is already enabled in most hardened CPU and GPU cores, clusters and/or subsystems, the majority of SoC designers not tied to Android opt for simpler techniques like clock and power gating. Is there an opportunity for a more holistic DVFS approach that more SoC designers would embrace?

Applications for Embedded FPGA

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in Blogs
23 September 2017

Market leaders in a wide range of markets are quickly embracing embedded FPGA technology because it significantly increases the return on investment required to bring complex chips to market. With readily-available, high-density blocks of programmable RTL in any size and with the features a customer needs, designers now have the powerful flexibility to customize a single chip for multiple markets and/or upgrade the chip while in the system to adjust to changing standards such as networking protocols. Customers can also easily update their chips with the latest deep learning algorithms and/or implement their own versions of protocols in data centers. In the past, the only way to accomplish these updates was through expensive and time-consuming new mask versions of the same chip.

The PCI Express bus, originally designed for desktop personal computers, is a high-speed serial replacement of the older PCI/PCI-X bus. It is used across a range of applications, including storage devices, networking, communications, cluster interconnect etc. PCI Express is based on point-to-point topology which means separate serial links connect every device to the root complex.

As demand for artificial intelligence (AI) increases, chip makers strive to create more powerful and more efficient processors. The goal is to accommodate the requirements of neural networks with better and cheaper solutions, while staying flexible enough to handle evolving algorithms. At Hotchips 2017, many new deep learning and AI technologies were unveiled, showing the different approaches of leading tech firms as well as budding startups. Check out this EETimes survey of Hotchips for a good summary of the event focused on chips for AI data centers.

Read More Here

Since the advent of electronics, the need for high-speed data communication has been growing. Particularly the rise in prominence of cloud computing, IOT and massive sized media files has simply increased the demands on the networks to support higher speeds and evolve with the demands of the current age and time.

Horizon2020 has opened many high-tech lines in 2014, following these type of ideas, and now puts large funds into technology in European countries to improve the economy and innovation, helping to bring companies from outside into the EU and developing the local innovation process.

Marketing in the Asia Pacific (APAC) is characterized by greater variability than in the West. One of the challenges we face is employees training in general and the training of sales teams in particular, such as direct sales team, engineers and representatives in Asia.

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